AMD Processors Tiers from Beginning to New

AMD processorWhen you want to buy a laptop, one of the important specifications to consider is the processor. As is well known, AMD processors are becoming one of the most popular today. For those who are interested in this processor brand, let’s look at the following AMD processor tiers.  As the ‘brain’ of the computer,  you must to choosing a good processor is crucial. Although basically this also needs to be adjusted to the budget you have. AMD is one of the processor developers who are intensively upgrading at this time. If you are interested in buying a laptop or PC with an AMD processor, you should know several AMD processors tiers from the lowest below.

AMD K5

These are early versions of AMD processors made or the first released by AMD. At first, AMD made the processor an alternative to Intel. But even so, this processor is the first process that can synchronize on the x86 type architecture. But because at that time Intel’s processors dominated, so many motherboards couldn’t support this AMD K5 device.

AMD K6

The second generation of AMD processors is AMD K6 which already supports all motherboards which initially only supported processors from Intel. since the emergence of AMD K6 is the competition between Intel and AMD began to be felt. Even in the second generation of AMD processors, several types were released, namely AMD K6, AMD K6-2, and AMD K6-III. The difference between the three is in terms of speed, the rest is not much different.

AMD Duron

AMD Duron was released in 2000 where it was originally named Spitfire Thunderbird. In its day, AMD Duron was one of the highest processors. Moreover, the price is very affordable and the performance is quite satisfactory. However, currently, the production of AMD Duron processors has been discontinued.

AMD Athlon

After AMD was released and had success with AMD Duron processors, then the next generation was AMD Athlon. this is a type of AMD microprocessor with fairly high quality, even entered the flagship product from AMD. At that time the AMD Athlon processor competed with the Intel Pentium 3 processor which was quite dominating the market. But it turns out that AMD Athlon can outperform the part of the system that can use a multiprocessor. This allows one computer to use two AMD Athlon processors simultaneously.

AMD Athlon 64 X2

Judging from the success of AMD Athlon, this company also made the Athlon 64 version. Of course, the two have very striking differences in the socket version. On the AMD Athlon 64 processor, there are 3 different sockets, namely 754, 939, and 940. The three sockets also have different functions. For the socket 754 section, there is a controller that supports the DDR memory section, the socket 939 section has a memory controller that supports multi-channel memory. Another advantage of this generation of AMD processors is that they can synchronize with computers running a 64-bit operating system.

AMD Athlon 64 FX

The sequel to AMD Athlon did not stop at Athlon 64. AMD also released a version of AMD Athlon 64 FX. This type of AMD processor works well on computers that use 32-bit or 64-bit operating systems. The most striking advantage of this AMD processor is that there is an antivirus in it, namely using Antivirus Enhanced Virus Protection. This AMD processor is highly recommended for use on computers that often use applications or software related to high graphics such as video, audio, and game software.

AMD Sempron

AMD Sempron was released as a competitor to Intel’s processor, the Intel Celeron. This AMD processor has two types of sockets used, namely socket and socket 754. AMD Sempron can only run on computers that use 32-bit operating systems.

AMD 64 V2 Dual Core

As a computer user, maybe you are familiar with the term dual-core, right? This processor from AMD is intended as a competitor to Intel, which released a core duo version. This AMD processor can run on computers with 64-bit operating systems. The target market of this processor is the use of more computers for multimedia work regularly.

AMD Opteron

The next generation, AMD Opteron, focuses more on server computers and workstations. AMD Opteron has two different caches namely level 1 and level 2. The difference between the two lies in the amount of data used where at level 1 the data is 128 KB while at level 2 it uses data of 1024 KB.

AMD Cadiz

This processor was made around 2008 with a core of 4 cores. This AMD processor is also designed to use Hypertransport 3, L2 cache, and DDR2/3.

AMD Orochi “Bulldozer”

AMD is the latest generation of AMD processors for the high-end desktop market. The construction still uses bulldozer architecture. You could say the processor from AMD is used to support

Best Entry Level Graphics Cards Recommendations for Gaming

graphics cardsIt is undeniable that a VGA or graphics card is one of the most important components when assembling a computer, especially for gamingneeds. Without adequate graphic cards, gamers will not be able to enjoy a game with the best visual appearance. On the market, there are many brands and types of gaming graphic cards, both graphic cards with high prices and cheap graphic cards. A graphic card with a cheap price does not mean bad and unreliable. There are quite a lot of graphics cards products at low prices that are able to devour even heavy games. Well, here are some references to the best low-priced gaming graphics cards available on market.

MSI GTX 750 OC 2GB DDR5 N750

MSI is one of the leading brands in the field of computer components, including its graphics cards products. This product is equipped with a very slick cooling system. In addition, its Core Speed can also reach 1059MHz and Boost Speed ​​up to 1137MHz. With the price set at $118 USD,  this graphic card is quite cheap considering its DDR5 capabilities, 2GB, and 128bit memory capacity.

ASUS GTX 750 OC 1GB 128Bit DDR5

The name Asus is indeed very popular in the Asian market, including in Indonesia. Graphic cards production is pegged at a price of  $132 USD. These gaming graphic cards are also equipped with an anti-dust fan so that the cooling system can run optimally. The clock speed of these graphic cards is also fairly good, reaching 1137 Mhz. These graphic cards can provide the maximum experience when you play heavy games.

Zotac GTX 750 Ti OC 2GB DDR5

Zotac is not as well-known as ASUS or MSI, but this brand is one that excels in terms of quality and price. These gaming graphic cards are claimed to have a clock speed of up to 1046 Mhz. The memory capacity offered is 2GB DDR5, making these gaming graphic cards very feasible to have. Zotac GTX 750 Ti OC 2GB DDR5 is sold at a price of  $118 USD.

HIS R7 265 IceQ X2 2GB GDDR5 256 Bit

HIS made the GPU R7 265 with the latest model cooling system. The specifications themselves still use the same specifications as the previous version, namely with a   GPU  boost clock of 925 MHz and a memory clock of 1400 MHz. The difference can be seen from the use of the  80mm dual-fan type cooler. The fan is claimed to be able to work optimally with very minimal noise levels. The price of this gaming VGA  is set at $125 USD.

Biostar GTX 750 Ti 2GB 128Bit

The advantage of these graphic cards is that there is a 3D vision feature that can be used directly when installed. The Biostar GTX 750 Ti 2GB 128Bit  is sold at a fairly affordable price, which is around $132 USD. From several reviews that have been done by foreign media, these gaming graphic cards are proven to be able to run heavy games with a relatively stable fps rate.…

Tips for Choosing a Motherboard According to Your Budget

motherboardHow do you choose the ideal motherboard? There are several factors that you need to know more about. Whether you plan to choose a motherboard based on an AMD or Intel chipset. For this reason, let’s reveal more in our tutorial article this time. At least, there will be many benefits that you can get.

Here’s How to Choose the Ideal Motherboard

When it comes to motherboards, aka mobos, this is an important component on a PC so that all other components can communicate, such as CPU, VGA, RAM, or storage. All of these components will interact with each other and deliver performance expectations that match what users want.

There are lots of exciting options out there, and sometimes the expensive options don’t always live up to expectations, or the cheap options are sometimes far from what you think. For this reason, knowing the important points can be a positive initial capital to get the ideal motherboard.

Motherboard Chipset

First, you need to know the chipset of the motherboard itself. This is a symbol of the ability of this hardware device to affect all components that establish communication through the mobo. Knowing the chipset is very important because it can help the needs according to what the user wants when using a PC device or the target budget to be issued.

Chipsets can be representative of a certain class. For example, an entry-level chipset like the AMD A520 can represent an entry-level class with the general options offered on this mobo usually not supporting multiple USB ports, fewer memory sockets, fewer SATA ports, or even weak VRM. Usually ideal for casual users who have a very limited budget and light workloads.

Socket Motherboard

Then the motherboard socket, which can be a sign of how this hardware supports a certain number of CPU generations. Knowing this can provide certainty about which processors can be installed and work on the motherboard you want to use.

The core of the motherboard socket itself is a connector on the motherboard that houses the CPU. The socket uses a Pin Grid Array (PGA) or LGA (land grid array) which uses pins and as indicators so that users can install the processor according to the socket that the processor carries.

For example, a motherboard with an LGA 1200 socket is certainly not compatible with 9th Gen Intel processors, let alone AMD processors. That’s because this socket is more devoted to the latest Intel 10th gen and 11th gen processors.

Form Factor

The size or form factor of the motherboard can also affect, and generally. The motherboard itself has 4 sizes, namely Extended ATX (EATX), ATX, Micro ATX, and Mini-ITX. The biggest choice is in the hands of EATX generally, although other options are much bigger. However, for mainstream consumers, the standard for the size of the mobo is in this option with a size of about 30 × 33 cm. EATX can represent a luxury motherboard that can accommodate many high-end components, such as multi-GPU, storage, and so on.

Voltage Regulator Module (VRM)

One other important part when choosing a motherboard is the presence of the Voltage Regulator Module (VRM). These modules are responsible for providing clean and stable voltage to the CPU and other components. So, when the processor needs the right amount of power. The motherboard’s VRM will supply the amount of voltage that is what the CPU demands. And not only the processor, but several other components such as memory, chipset, and circuits installed on the motherboard. Usually, checking the VRM can be an ideal way to determine the overall quality and lifespan of the motherboard.…

The Type of Computer Case You Need to Know

Computer Case A computer case is a housing or container for computer hardware such as a motherboard, processor, video card, power supply, hard drive, optical drive, cooling fan. The function of the casing is as a container for computer hardware, it is also useful for protecting computer devices from dust that might damage the hardware. The computer case itself is divided into several types according to the size of the motherboard. So the larger the size of the motherboard, the larger the size of the casing. The following are the types of computer cases based on the type of motherboard size:

Computer case full-tower

This full-tower type computer case is the largest computer case among other types of the casing. This type of casing can accommodate all sizes of motherboards such as Micro-ATX, ATX, E-ATX, and XL-ATX, usually, this type of casing is used by gamers or those who are very enthusiastic about computer hardware.

Casing mid-tower

This mid-tower type case has a smaller size than a full-tower case but can still accommodate motherboards with Micro-ATX and ATX size specifications. This type of casing is the most commonly sold in computer stores and the one most people use today. this.

Casing Mini-tower ATX

This mini-tower case is smaller than the mid-tower case, this type of casing can only accommodate a Micro-ATX size motherboard.

Casing Mini-Tower ITX

As the name suggests, this mini-ITX case can only accommodate a Mini-ITX size motherboard. It is size is much smaller than that of a mini-tower case, and usually, this type of case uses a special size power supply that is smaller than the power supply we usually see. in most computer cases.

Slim computer case

Slim models are generally flexible because they can be used in a sleeping or standing position. Many PCs currently use slim models.

Computer case for desktop

Desktop PC cases are usually placed on a table (sleeping position). Generally, the casing construction is sturdy enough so that the monitor can be placed on it. Branded computers, which are factory output computers whose components are all produced by one factory. Are mostly produced with this desktop case model (such as IBM desktop, Dell, Acer, Compaq, etc.), which supports Pentium II and III.

Casing large server

Usually shaped like a file cabinet with fairly large size.

 …

Liquid Cooler is Solution to The Hot CPU Problem

Liquid Cooler A liquid Cooler is an efficient system for cooling the processor. This allows the user to draw higher speeds from the processor because the temperature around the CPU is still within normal limits. In addition, the processor speed can also be doubled with this cooling solution. To maximize PC cooling with a liquid cooler, there are some important things you should know.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Liquid Cooler

PC builders currently use more liquid cooling than air cooling. The reason, besides being unique, this cooler can add aesthetic value to the computer. In terms of performance, liquid cooling can increase CPU performance to the maximum extent. Liquid cooling has better capabilities, so the computer can perform heavy tasks such as rendering videos or playing heavy games. In addition, liquid cooling also does not cause annoying noise when used.

Although it has many advantages, many are worried that the liquid cooler will leak, especially for those who are just about to try it. They worry about the liquid pipe leaking and wetting the surrounding components. In addition, the price of this cooler is also considered expensive, the price can even reach millions of rupiah per unit. The more expensive, of course, the better the quality and the safer. Liquid coolers are generally more expensive than air conditioners, however, there are various variations on the market depending on the features required.

The installation looks complicated, but not that complicated as it mostly consists of a water block, two hoses that drain fluids, and a radiator. The only care is required when installing the water block. The liquid cooling system is quieter than the heat sink fan on the CPU. In general, liquid cooling produces less noise because the pump is well insulated.

In terms of temperature settings, liquid cooling is perfect for those who often perform heavy tasks such as streaming and rendering video. The reason is, liquid cooling can distribute heat efficiently so that the ability to lower the temperature becomes higher.

 

How Liquid Cooling Works

The way to maximize PC cooling with a liquid cooler is to work with a condensation system when the liquid absorbs heat from the CPU. The heat will move to another part of the pipe on the cooler. This is because water with a high temperature will certainly move to water with a low temperature. After the water that absorbs heat from the CPU cools down again. The water will swap places with water that has just absorbed the heat. This fluid rotation will keep the CPU and processor awake.

The liquid cooler can be regarded as a radiator for computer processors. This liquid cooling system will channel the liquid through the heat sink on the processor. When the liquid passes through the heat sink, the heat will transfer to the coolant. The hot liquid then moves to the radiator and transfers the heat to the air on the outside of the casing. The cooled liquid is then flown back to repeat the same process.

The cooling process starts from the plate connected to the HIS CPU. This results in better heat transfer between the two surfaces. The metal base plate is part of a water block designed to be filled with coolant. The liquid absorbs heat from the base plate as it moves through the water block then moves through the system and up through one of the tubes to the radiator.

Furthermore, the radiator exposes the liquid to the air which helps cool it and the fan attached to the radiator keeps heat away from the cooler. After that, the coolant enters the water block again and this process repeats itself.…

The Best Graphics Card for Enthusiastic Gamers

best graphics card You are a person who is lucky enough to be born in an era when various facilities have been provided due to the birth of advanced technologies. Advances in technology as a tool that allows humans to do many things more efficiently, also produce tools that are now used by almost everyone in the world, namely computers. Computer technology consists of various components that are embedded in it. One of the most important components in computers today is a graphics processor or commonly called VGA. Below we will recommend the best Graphics Card brand for your computer.

8 Best Graphics Card for Enthusiastic Gamers

Graphics Card GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER

If you are looking for the best graphics card at an affordable price but have a high boost clock, this VGA card can be the answer. In addition, this VGA card is also equipped with a TORX Fan 2.0 cooling system that can cool more effectively. With refresh rates up to 240 Hz, this VGA card is suitable for gamers who want to get the best performance.

Graphics Card RX 5600 XT 6GB GDDR6

This graphics card seems to be created for those of you who like to play games for a long time. Equipped with the Cooltech complex cooling system, this VGA card can be cooled thoroughly in every part.

In addition, this product is also equipped with dual BIOS which allows you to select operation in silent mode. With 6GB of VRAM, it looks like this VGA card is capable enough for heavy games.

GeForce GTX 1650 SUPER Twin Fan

Compact in size with a length of only about 16 cm, this VGA card will fit on your CPU. This graphics card has a triple display function so that it can be connected to three monitors at once. Those of you who like to use multiple monitors while playing games will like it.

You also don’t have to worry about the cooling system. This VGA card is equipped with dual fans as well as an aluminum heatsink that allows good heat dissipation. The price is quite affordable.

RX 5700 XT

Radeon RX is designed specifically for gamers. This graphics card is equipped with FreeSync1 from AMD. That way, your graphic display will not lag, stutter, or become random when using it. Playing games is even more fun, right? Equipped with luxurious specifications, it looks perfect no matter how heavy the game you play.

GTX 1050 Ti 4GB

This VGA card is equipped with an application that makes it easy to overclock, even for those of you who are using it for the first time. With just one click, you can immediately overclock your VGA to be faster. In addition to a simple overclock system, the VGA card’s cooling system is also very effective. Using dual fans with opposite directions of motion, your VGA card can cool faster.

RTX 2070 SUPER 8GB

This graphics card has a real-time ray tracing system while you are playing games. This system allows the VGA card to directly display the image, either from sunlight, lights or in a mirror. In addition, this graphics card is also equipped with RGB lighting technology with a variety of lighting effects.

With 8GB VRAM, the graphics for your games are guaranteed to be smooth without lag. This VGA card also has seven outputs so you can easily connect it to more than one monitor. The various features of this graphics card make it very suitable for those of you who like to play heavy games such as MMORPGs.

RTX 2080 Ti OC

This VGA that uses an NVIDIA GPU is equipped with an IP5X coating that is resistant to dust. In addition, its layered cooling system will also make the performance provided more stable.

This VGA card is equipped with 11GB VRAM which is certainly stable for various games. If you are a professional gamer, this VGA card is the right product for you. In addition, this graphics card can also be used in VR (virtual reality) games for a more realistic gaming sensation!

Radeon RX VEGA 64

HBM (high bandwidth memory) is the latest form of RAM used by AMD. Unlike RAM in general, HBM is very efficient in using power. In addition, the maximum bandwidth can reach 256 Gbps. With a speed like this, it is guaranteed that your graphics will always be clear, clear, and without lag. This graphics card is also very suitable for those of you who have started playing VR games.…

Choosing The Best Memory RAM for our Computer Assembly

Memory RAMMemory RAM or Random Access Memory is one of the important components for your computer, so knowing how to buy RAM is very important. RAM serves to store all the programs that you run on the computer. For example, when you open Microsoft Word, the program is temporarily stored in RAM. When you finish using Microsoft Word, the program will stop using RAM. Before buying RAM, there are various kinds of information that you must understand first. Like buying a smartphone, RAM also has its specifications so that it can be suitable to be installed on a computer.

When do we need to add or upgrade RAM?

Because it is in charge of storing running programs, the more Memory RAM capacity you have, the more programs you can run at one time. If you are a person who often opens many programs at once, adding RAM is the solution.

If your RAM is limited, the operating system especially Windows will start using your main data storage as rams like HDD or SSD. For example, your current RAM has a capacity of 2 GB and all of that memory has been used. When you open another program, Windows automatically moves one or more programs that you rarely use to your HDD or SSD. The process of moving programs that are in RAM to the HDD or SSD in Windows is commonly referred to as the Virtual Memory process.

The above process makes your computer feel slower when opening new programs because your HDD or SSD is not as fast as your RAM. That’s why RAM capacity helps you open more programs. Indirectly, your computer becomes faster because Windows does not need to frequently use your HDD or SDD as Virtual Memory.

Immediately, let’s discuss how to buy the right RAM for your computer together.

Check your current Memory RAM configuration

You don’t need to disassemble your computer or laptop to check the current condition of your RAM. You only need additional software. Here I recommend the Speccy application. This application can provide information about your computer’s current specifications, including RAM.

As shown above, in the RAM section, you can see your current RAM configuration information. For starters, please check how many RAM slots are on your computer and how many are being used. In the “Memory Slots” section Speccy provides information that this computer has 2 slots and only 1 has been used.

This means, you can buy new RAM and install it on your computer, so there is 2 RAM on your computer. If only one or all of your computer slots have been used, it means that you can only upgrade or replace the existing RAM with a higher capacity.

Check the DDR version of your RAM

RAM using DDR or  Double Data Rate as a method of how to transfer data in 1 cycle. Checking the DDR version in your current RAM is very important. Because you have to buy RAM with the same DDR version. DDR consists of 5 versions namely DDR1, DDR2, DDR3, DDR4, and DDR5.

DDR4 RAM is the newest type of RAM, it’s fast and you can get it now easily. While DDR5 is still in the development stage and has not been sold freely. If you just bought a computer in the last 1 or 2 years, the chances of your computer using DDR4 are even greater.

But you don’t need to hesitate, because the Speccy application can check the type of DDR in your RAM. Just click  “Slot #1” to see information about the RAM in the first slot. It can be seen in the picture above if this computer uses DDR4 type RAM. Automatically you have to buy DDR4 RAM and don’t let you buy DDR3.

Slots for RAM are usually not backward compatible eitherThis means that DDR3 RAM cannot be installed in the DDR4 slot or vice versa. Although several motherboards support this, I recommend using the same type of DDR for the stability of computer use.

DIMMs and SO-DIMMs

DIMM or  Dual In-line Memory Module is an integrated circuit component for devices such as RAM. However, you don’t need to know completely about DIMMs or SO-DIMMs (Small Outline DIMMs). In essence, DIMM-type RAM is used for desktop and server computers. While SO-DIMM is used for laptops or notebooks. So if you want to buy RAM for your laptop, make sure you ask for SO-DIMM RAM. RAM for laptops is also smaller than RAM for desktops so it’s easy for you to identify.

Memory RAM Speed

The next way to buy RAM is to check the speed of RAM. How fast a RAM can be identified easily by reading certain numbers in the RAM specifications. Look again at the image above. The RAM cycle speed in this …